The library
The Casa de Alba Library, located on the ground floor of the palace, stands out for its walnut decoration and green bookcases, started in 1989, and houses two different sections for books and documents. Despite losing a lot of funds in 1936, its origin dates back to the 18th century with the Fitz James Stuart family, enriched by contributions from noble houses and significant purchases such as the one from the Vicente Castañeda Library. Over the centuries, the dukes have expanded the collection, including incunabula and valuable documents, notable for their historical and cultural importance. Among its treasures are display cases dedicated to the Bible, Columbus, and Stuart, with bibliographic jewels such as the Casa de Alba Bible, autographs by Columbus, and documents by the Marshal of Berwick, demonstrating their historical wealth and the cultural influence of the family.


The Library, located on the ground floor of the palace, combines original walnut furniture from the reconstruction period with a 1989 renovation that added green bookcases and new decorative elements to the ceiling.

It is organized in two sections: an upper one for books and a lower one for documents, making it difficult to trace its historical evolution after the loss of funds in 1936.

Its origin dates back to the 18th century with the definitive arrival of the Fitz James Stuarts in Spain, which were later enriched by acquisitions and contributions from allied noble houses.

The loss of funds due to the destruction of the palace was mitigated by the acquisition of the Vicente Castañeda Library, highlighted by its bindings and Valencian theme.

The bibliographic tastes of the Dukes of Berwick and Alba throughout the 18th and 19th centuries are reflected in the titles added, especially by Duke Don Jacobo, who significantly expanded the collection.

The Library treasures incunabula and valuable historical and scientific works, including rare editions of the Bible and Spanish chronicles, and covers 18,000 volumes.

Three main display cases stand out: the one for the Bible, for Columbus and Stuart, which house key documents for family history and for Spain, including a 15th century translation of the Bible and the will of Ferdinand the Catholic.

The 37 perimeter cabinets display documents dating back to 1026, offering an overview of family and national history through vehicle privileges and concessions of coats of arms, catalogued by Duchess Doña Rosario in 1898.

The archive
The Casa de Alba Archive, enriched by documents from 50 noble houses and reduced to 4,500 files due to fires, remains a prominent archive in Spain. Reorganized into Administrative and Historical collections by Duchess Rosario Falcó, only the Historical one survives, containing documents from 1026, including autographs of Christopher Columbus and the Nobiliary of the Indies. This archive reveals the historical and cultural depth of the Casa de Alba, ranging from royal letters and papal documents to the personal archive of the 3rd Duke of Alba, and valuable manuscripts that illustrate the rich heritage of the family and its influence on the history of Spain and America.


The Casa de Alba Archive was formed from documents from more than 50 noble houses, which were reduced to 4,500 files due to fires until the end of the 19th century, and is still one of the most important in Spain.

Under the direction of Duchess Rosario Falcó and librarian Antonio Paz y Mélia, the Archive was divided into Administrative and Historical collections, reflecting both the stately management and the historical and material importance of certain documents.

After the destruction of the Liria Palace in 1936, only the Historical Fund survived, now comprised of 474 boxes and 50,000 documents, with a time range from 1026 to the 20th century.

The significant set of American documents stands out, including autographs of Christopher Columbus and a collection of 250 Coat of Arms privileges granted during the 16th century, as well as an extensive American Fund with 1,100 documents from the 16th to the 18th century.

The archive includes Spanish royal correspondence, papal documents from the 15th century and the personal archive of the 3rd Duke of Alba, with more than 15,000 letters, offering a unique view of 16th century European history.

The Lemos Fund provides valuable information on Galician history since 1179, and the Manuscript Fund, with 166 documents from the 14th to the 19th century, stands out for its historical and literary importance, including unique works and correspondence from ambassadors.

Attention researchers

The Casa de Alba archive is available to duly accredited researchers. For inquiries related to the file, you can call the number +0034 915 475 302 or contact the email
Your privacy is important to us
We use our own and third-party cookies to improve our services and show you advertising related to your preferences by analyzing your browsing habits. You can get more information Privacy Policy.